Filing of Income Tax returns is a legal obligation of every person whose total income for the previous year has exceeded the maximum amount that is not chargeable to income tax under the provisions of the I.T Act, 1961. Income Tax Department has introduced a convenient way to file these returns online using the Internet. The process of electronically filing your Income tax returns through the Internet is known as e-filing of returns.
E-filing offers convenience of time and place to tax payers. This facility is available round the clock and returns could be filed from any place in the world. It also eliminates/ reduces interface between assessee and tax officials.
The applicable Assessment Year for a given Financial Year is the next +1 year. For example, if a FY is 2012-2013, the relevant AY ‘ll be 2013-2014. All the income earned by you in a FY and taxes paid by you in that FY ‘ll be assessed only in the relevant AY.
Any Individual or group of Individual or artificial bodies who/which have earned income during the previous years are required to pay Income tax on it. The IT Act recognizes the earners of income under seven  categories. Each category is called a Status. These are Individuals, Hindu Undivided Family [HUF], Association of Persons [AOP], Body of individuals [BOI], Firms, Companies, Local authority, Artificial juridical person.
The word Income has a very broad and inclusive meaning. In case of a salaried person, all that is received from an employer in cash, kind or as a facility is considered as income. For a businessman, his net profits will constitute income. Income may also flow from investments in the form of Interest, Dividend, and Commission etc. Infect the Income Tax Act does not differentiate between legal and illegal income for purpose of taxation. Under the Act, all incomes earned by persons are classified into 5 different heads, such as: Income from Salary Income from House property Income from Business or Profession Income from capital gains Income from other sources
No. The dividend declared by Indian companies is not taxable in the hands of the share holders because tax on distributed profits have already been borne by the company.
ITR1 For Individuals having Income from Salary/ Pension/ family pension & Interest ITR2 For Individuals and HUFs not having Income from Business or Profession ITR3 For Individuals/HUFs being partners in firms and not carrying out business or profession under any proprietorship ITR4 For individuals & HUFs having income from a proprietary business or profession ITR5 For firms, AOPs and BOIs ITR6 For Companies other than companies claiming exemption under section 11 ITR7 For persons including companies required to furnish return under section 139(4A) or section 139(4B) or section 139(4C) or section 139(4D) ITR8 Return for Fringe Benefits